The International Journal of Physiology, Pathophysiology and Pharmacology (IJPPP, ISSN 1944-8171) is an open access online journal dedicated to publication of original work in physiology, pathophysiology and pharmacology. IJPPP is primarily devoted to original clinical and experimental research papers, but will also publish editorials, review articles, medical hypothesis, letters to the editors and meeting reports. The goal of IJPPP is to provide a free forum for rapid dissemination of the novel discoveries that will enhance our understanding and advancement on physiology, pathophysiology and pharmacology.
SUBMISSION OF MANUSCRIPT
All manuscripts are submitted with the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or thesis) and are not currently under consideration for publication by another journal. It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to ensure that all authors have contributed to, read and approved the final manuscript for submission. The authors should keep a copy of the manuscript submitted in case of revision, rejection, loss or damage. Receipt of manuscript will be acknowledged and a decision regarding acceptance made as soon as possible. Accepted manuscripts may be subject to editorial revision without notice.
Peer Review Policy
All manuscripts are subject to peer review and are expected to meet the rigorous standards of academic excellence. The authors should provide up to 4 potential peer reviewers with detailed contact information including e-mail address. These should be experts in their field of study, who will be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. If not provided, potential reviewers will be recommended by the Editorial Board members.
By submitting a manuscript to IJPPP, all authors agree that all copyrights of all materials included in the submitted manuscript will be exclusively transferred to the publisher - e-Century Publishing Corporation once the manuscript is accepted.
Once the paper is published, the copyright will be released by the publisher under the “Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License”, enabling the unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction of the published article in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited. If the manuscript contains a figure or table reproduced from a book or another journal article, the authors should obtain permission from the copyright holder before submitting the manuscript, and be fully responsible for any legal and/or financial consequences if such permissions are not obtained.
All PDF, XML and html files for all articles published in this journal are the property of the publisher, e-Century Publishing Corporation (www.e-Century.org). Authors and readers are granted the right to freely use these files for all academic purposes. By publishing paper in this journal, the authors grant the permanent right to the publisher to use any articles published in this journal without any restriction including, but not limited to academic and/or commercial purposes. If you are interested in using PDF, html, XML files or any art works published in this journal for any commercial purposes, please contact the publisher at email@example.com.
Use of Human Tissue and/or Animal Policy
Experiments involving human subjects should be in accord with the ethical standards established by the institution or in accord with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975. Experiments involving animals should follow the institution or the National Research Council guide for the care and use of laboratory animals.
Units and Abbreviations
System International (SI) units should be used for all measurements. All abbreviations should be explicitly defined at their first occurrence except for those internationally acceptable.
While the advice and information in the article are believed to be true and accurate on the date of its going to press, neither the authors nor the editors can accept any legal responsibilities for any errors or omissions that may be made. The publication makes no warranty, expressed or implied, with respect to the materials contained within.
PREPARATION OF MANUSCRIPT
All manuscripts should be written in standard grammatical English using computer software, arranged in the following order and saved as DOC/PDF/RTF files: 1. cover letter 2. title page 3. abstract and keywords 4. main text 5. acknowledgements, if any 6. references 7. tables, if any 8. figure legends, if any 9. figures, if any
The cover letter should include name, degree, address, telephone, fax and email of the corresponding author. A statement that all authors have contributed to, read and approved the final manuscript for submission should be included if there are multiple authors. Any editorial or financial conflict of interest (e.g., consultancy, stock ownership, equity interests, patent or licensing agreements) should be clearly disclosed in the cover letter.
The title page should include: 1. a concise title; 2. first name, middle initial, and last name of each author, along with his or her highest academic degree; 3. name of the department and institutional affiliation of each author. 4. A short "Running Title".
Abstract and Key Words
The abstract should not exceed 250 words that concisely summarize the study’s purpose, significant findings and conclusions. Include up to 6 key words or phrases at the end of the abstract.
The main text should include Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion. The Introduction should be succinct, clearly stating the purpose and rationale of the study. In Materials and Methods, the procedures should be described in sufficient detail to allow duplication by an independent observer. Results and Discussion may be combined or divided. They should be written concisely and logically with emphasis on novel findings.
All acknowledgements (if any) should be included at the end of the main text before references and may include grant and administrative support.
Reference published in IJPPP should begin on a new page, be double-spaced and numbered in order of citation in the text, including citations in tables and figure legends. Complete author citation is required (use of "et al" is not acceptable). References should conform to the style of the Journal. Examples follow:
Journals: . Krishnan B and Truong LD. Renal epithelial neoplasms: the diagnostic implications of electron microscopic study in 55 cases. Hum Pathol 2002; 33: 68-79.
Books: Fishman AP: Pulmonary Hypertension and Cor Pulmonale. Pulmonary Diseases and Disorders. Edited by Fishman AP. New York, McGraw-Hill, 1988, pp. 999-1048
Web sites: See Data Supplements section below for proper use of web site references. Cite in text only.
In press: To be used only for papers accepted for publication. Cite as for journal with (in press) in place of volume and page numbers.
Submitted papers/unpublished data: Cite in text only.
All tables should be cited consecutively in the main text by Arabic numbers (Table 1, Table 2, etc). Type each table with a descriptive title on a separate page after the references. Provide explanations for any nonstandard abbreviations in footnotes to the table.
Figure legends including figure number, a short title and detailed description should be embedded at the end of text file.
All figures should be cited consecutively in the main text by Arabic numbers (Figure 1, Figure 2, etc). All figures must be submitted in TIFF or JPEG format as separate files labeled with the corresponding numbers. Photographs of a person should render them unidentifiable or include their written permission.
International Journal of Physiology, Pathophysiology and Pharmacology is an open access journal which provides instant, worldwide and barrier-free access to the full-text of all published articles. Publishing Fee allows the publisher to make the published material available for free to all interested online readers, while let authors to keep all copyrights on their papers.
Publishing fee is $980 for each paper that is less than ten printed pages, and $100/page for each additional page which will be billed to the corresponding author. There is no extra charge for color figures. Authors who cannot afford to pay this publication fee from developing countries can apply for a reduced fee by submitting a letter signed by the departmental chair to state the need of such discount.